DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2008. 16(4):245-249.

Phytochemical study of Swertia longifolia
H Hajimehdipoor, M.G Dijoux-Franca , A.M Mariotte, Y Amanzadeh, Y Amanzadeh , S.E Sadat-Ebrahimi , M Ghazi-Khansari , V Mozaffarian



Background: Swertia spp. (Gentianaceae) grow widely in eastern and southern Asian countries such as Japan, China and India and are used as traditional remedy for gastrointestinal complains because of their bitter principles. Several studies have been carried out on hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, mono amino oxidase inhibitory and antidepressant effects of these plants and it has been shown that xanthones and iridoids are responsible for their activities.

Purpose of the study: In order to gain better knowledge of endemic plants of Flora Iranica, Swertia longifolia Boiss. growing in the northern parts of Iran, was subjected to phytochemical studies.

Methods: Dried and milled aerial parts of the plant were extracted with petroleum ether and ethanol of which results of petroleum ether extract has been reported previously. For purification of ethanol extract, it was acidified with acetic acid and subsequently extracted with chloroform and then with n-butanol. The n-butanol extract was analyzed using different chromatographic methods and the structures of the isolated components were established by means of spectroscopic techniques.

Results: Four components including an iridoid glycoside (loganic acid), a secoiridoid glycoside (gentiopicroside), a secoiridoid dilactone (gentiolactone) and a nucleoside (uridine) were isolated from n-butanol extract of the plant.

Major conclusion: Similar to other species of Swertia, iridoid and secoiridoid glycosides could be considered as major constituents of Swertia longifolia Boiss.


Swertia longifolia Boiss., Gentianaceae, gentiolactone, gentiopicroside, loganic acid, uridine,

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