DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2010. 18(1):69-73.

Isolation of a new quinic acid derivative and its antibacterial modulating activity.
A R Gohari, S Saeidnia, K Mollazadeh, N Yassa, M Malmir, A R Shahverdi


The species Hymenocrater calycinus, belongs to the plant family Lamiaceae and grows wildly in the north-east of Iran. Previously, the antimicrobial activity of the plant extracts was reported. In the present study, the bioactivity-guided fractionation of the methanol extract of H. calycinus and the combination effects of the isolated compound with cell wall active agents against S. aureus and E. coli was investigated.Column and thin layer chromatographic methods were used for isolation and purification and spectroscopic data (MS, (1)H- and (13)C-NMR, HMQC, HMBC and (1)H-(1)H COSY) were employed for identification of the compound isolated from the extract. A disk diffusion method was used to determine the antibacterial activity of the isolated compound against S. aureus and E. coli in comparison with 7 different antibiotics.The isolated compound 1 was identified as 3-(3, 4- dihydroxyphenyl) lactic acid 2-O-quinic acid. Compound 1 (500 µg/disc) enhanced antibacterial effect of ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, vancomycin and cefepime against S. aureus and activated the effects of ampicillin and vancomycin against E. coli.Results showed that the compound 1 was not active against both tested strains at any concentration below 1 mg/disk, and as a result the enhancing effect of the compound could be due its association with antibiotics.


3-(3, 4- dihydroxyphenyl) lactic acid 2-O- quinic acid;Antibacterial effect;Hymenocrater calycinus;Lamiaceae


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